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Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté KB (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy. He was noted for his inspirational leadership, superb grasp of strategy, and unconventional tactics, all of which resulted in a number of decisive naval victories, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars (1797–1815). He was significantly wounded several times in combat, losing the sight of his right eye during the campaign in Corsica, and later the brutal amputation of his right arm in the unsuccessful attempt to conquer Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the Atlantic's Canary Islands off northeast Africa. He was shot and killed during his final pivotal victory at the naval Battle of Trafalgar against the combined Napoleonic French and Royal Spanish fleets off the southwest coast of Spain in 1805.
Nelson was a small, sickly, fragile child born into a moderately prosperous Norfolk family but was enthralled by tales of the sea while roaming various local rivers. He joined the British Royal Navy through the influence of his uncle, Captain Maurice Suckling, (1726–1778), whom he first accompanied on an expedition to the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean at age 12. He rose rapidly through the ranks and served with leading naval commanders of the period before obtaining his own ship's command in 1778. He developed a reputation in the service through his personal valour and firm grasp of tactics but suffered periods of illness and unemployment among Britain's downsizing of its massive worldwide military establishment after the end of the American War of Independence, (1775–1783). The outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars in 1793, following the explosive French Revolution beginning in 1789, allowed Nelson to return to service, where he was particularly active in the Mediterranean Sea. He fought in several minor engagements off the main French naval base at Toulon and was important in the capture of the island of Corsica and subsequent diplomatic duties with the various small Italian states. In 1797, he distinguished himself while in command of HMS Captain at the Battle of Cape St Vincent.
Shortly after the battle, Nelson took part in the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the Canary Islands off Africa's northeast coast, where his attack was defeated and he was badly wounded, losing his right arm, and was forced to return to England to recuperate. The following year, he won a decisive victory over the French Navy supply fleet supporting Napoleon's first overseas campaign and invading army in Egypt, Palestine, and Syria at the Battle of the Nile at the Bay of Aboukir, off Alexandria, Egypt. Later, he remained in the Mediterranean to support the Kingdom of Naples in southern Italy against a French invasion. In 1801, he was dispatched to the Baltic and won another victory, this time over the Danes fleet in their capital's harbor at the Battle of Copenhagen. He subsequently commanded the blockade of the French and Spanish fleets at their main naval base at Toulon and, after their escape during a covering storm, chased them across the Atlantic to the West Indies and back, but failed to bring them to battle. After a brief return to England, he took over the blockade at Cádiz on the Spanish coast in 1805. On 21 October 1805, the Franco-Spanish fleet came out of port, and Nelson's fleet engaged them at the Battle of Trafalgar. The battle was Britain's greatest naval victory, but during the action Nelson was fatally wounded on the deck of his flagship HMS Victory by a French sharpshooter perched in the overhead ships' masts. His body was brought back to England where he was accorded a state funeral.
Nelson's death at Trafalgar secured his position as one of Britain's most heroic figures. The significance of the victory and his death during the pivotal battle led to his signal, "England expects that every man will do his duty", being regularly quoted, paraphrased and referenced up to the modern day, along with his motto of "Palmam Qui Meruit Ferat", Latin for "Let him who earns it, Bear the palm". Numerous monuments, including the long-time iconic Nelson's Column world landmark in Trafalgar Square, in central London, and the Nelson Monument in Scotland's Edinburgh, have been created in his memory and his legacy remains highly influential in world military history and strategy and the historical culture of the later British Empire.
This item is the first mid-sized collectors jug produced by Doulton. Condition is wonderful, although the rim has a slight repair that doesn't detract from the quality. Classified as 'AS IS".
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Lord Admiral Horatio Viscount Nelson
The first Character Jug by Doulton Lambeth
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